Install Linux on Your PC: A Beginner's Guide Using Ubuntu

Switching to Linux offers a range of benefits—it's free, customizable, secure, and supports a commun

Created by: Daniel Ogunsemowo /

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Otse Amorighoye

Install Linux on Your PC: A Beginner's Guide Using Ubuntu

Switching to Linux offers a range of benefits—it's free, customizable, secure, and supports a community-driven development model. If you're looking to break away from proprietary software or need a stable and reliable system, Linux might just be your next platform. This guide focuses on Ubuntu, one of the most popular and beginner-friendly distributions, to streamline your installation process.

Why Choose Ubuntu?

  • User-Friendly: Ubuntu is known for its simplicity and ease of use, making it ideal for those new to Linux.

  • Strong Community Support: Ubuntu has a vast and active community, which is a great resource for new users.

  • Regular Updates: With a reliable schedule of releases and updates, Ubuntu ensures security and cutting-edge features.

Step 1: Choose the Right Linux Distribution

While Ubuntu is our choice for beginners, other distributions might suit different needs. Consider Why Are Operating System Updates Important? for an understanding of keeping your system up-to-date.

Step 2: Download the Installation Media

  1. Visit Ubuntu’s Official Website at

  2. Download the ISO File for the latest release that matches your system architecture (typically 64-bit).

Step 3: Create a Bootable USB Drive

Use Rufus or BalenaEtcher to write the ISO file to a USB drive. This will make it bootable, allowing your PC to start the Ubuntu installer when connected.

Step 4: Boot from USB

  • Insert the USB drive and restart your PC.

  • Enter the BIOS/UEFI settings (often via F2 or Del at startup).

  • Adjust the boot order to prioritize USB devices, and save your changes.

Step 5: Start the Installation Process

Choose "Install Ubuntu" from the boot menu, and proceed with setting your language and keyboard preferences.

Step 6: Installation Type

  • Choose Installation Type: Opt for dual-booting to keep Windows alongside Linux or replace it entirely.

  • Allocate Drive Space: Use the GUI to easily partition your drive.

Step 7: Set Up User Accounts and Hostname

Provide your name, your new computer’s name, username, and password. Consider encrypting your home folder for added security.

Step 8: Begin the Installation

Click "Install Now" and approve your setup choices to start the installation.

Step 9: Complete the Installation

  • Select your time zone and finalize any remaining configurations.

  • Let the installer run, which may take some time.

Step 10: Restart and Update

  • Restart your PC and remove the USB drive.

  • Login and run the following in a terminal to update your system:


Copy code

sudo apt update

sudo apt upgrade

What to Do Next?

  • Explore the Ubuntu Software Center: Discover and install additional software.

  • Customize Your Desktop: Tailor your workspace to your liking.

For more tips on post-installation, check our guide on Essential Tools for Hardware Diagnostics.


You've now equipped your PC with Ubuntu, opening up a new world of possibilities for software and system customization. Dive into the Linux community online for support and tips, and explore further articles to enhance your Linux skills.

For additional help or troubleshooting, visit our comprehensive guides on topics like How to Diagnose Network Connectivity Issues and Different Methods of Data Backup.